The city of Fatehpur Sikri, about 35 km from Agra, was founded by the Mughal emperor Akbar to honour the Sufi saint Salim Chishti. This planned city having royal palaces, harem, courts, mosque and other buildings, which took 15 years in construction, served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585. With a blend of eye catching Hindu and Mughal architecture, the city is built with red sandstone, richly ornamented with carvings and fretwork.
The main entrance to the Fatehpur Sikri complex is through the Buland Darwaza, which is 54 meters high, and was built as a ‘Victory Arch’ to commemorate Akbar’s successful Gujarat campaign. Other places of interest in Fatehpur Sikri, religious as well as secular, include Tomb of Salim Chishti, Jama Masjid, Diwan-I-Aam, Diwan-I-Khaas, Pachisi Court , Ibadat Khana and Panch Mahal.