'Now our street takes us to the superb kingdom of Goa.The individuals of this kingdom are solid, reasonable and exceptionally dedicated. The kingdom of Goa is the most imperative in India.It is socialized, having popular plantations and water. It is the coolest place in India and it is the most abundant in foodstuffs.'
'The white individuals make a routine of setting off to the kingdom of Goa to appreciate the shade and the forests of trees and to relish the sweet betel.'
These uncovering comments on Goa come not from the nonconformists or 'bloom power' era of the sixties and mid seventies who thronged the shorelines of Anjuna, Vagator and Arambol looking for salvation and 'peace'. These comments were made more than five centuries prior by the Portuguese Ambassador to China who went to Goa around the year 1511. They serve as a distinctive forerunner to the eras that followed in our times to the mythical place where there is Goa.
In those tumultuous and insubordinate times in the sixties, it was then not the 'sweet betel' that was the prime fascination yet an alternate sort of 'weed'. However, Goa, since those days of the irate era, has proceeded onward to pull in an incalculable, serene and cosmopolitan school of guests from all around the globe.
Down the hallways of time Goa has been distinctive things to diverse individuals. To the Portuguese champions it was 'Brilliant Goa', the El Dorado, the 'Rome of the East'. Such was its magnificence and glory, that an explorer was moved to comment: 'Whoever has seen Goa, require not visit Lisboa'-Lisbon, which was then the fantastic epicenter of the Portuguese dominions.
Some decades later, the mid 17th century French voyager Francois Pyrard composed: 'Whoever has been in Goa may say that he has seen the choicest rarities of India, for it is the most renowned and praised city, because of its business intercourse with individuals of all nationalities of the East who bring there the results of their particular nations, articles of merchandize, necessaries of life and different wares in awesome wealth on the grounds that consistently more than a thousand boats touch there loaded down with cargo.'
Pyrard proceeded with close prophetic veracity: 'concerning the huge number of individuals, it is a wonder to see the number which go back and forth consistently via ocean and arrive on business of each kind.One would say that a reasonable was being held consistently for the offer of a wide range of merchandise.'
While the contemporary voyager may not come to advanced, flourishing Goa 'for the offer of a wide range of stock', the "reasonable" is still all that much on. The voyager is here to discover something other than what's expected: a demulcent on the occupied personality, to appreciate days of flexibility on Goa's great shorelines, to parasail or swim with the tide of kindred guests from all around the world, to relish its exceptional food and assimilate its spirits, to take a long and stimulating trek in its unexplored insides, to wonder about its lofty sanctuaries and places of worship, to put it plainly, to be at one with the most amicable individuals in the country.
In the sixties and seventies, it was, as we have commented, an asylum for the nonconformists. From that point forward Goa has proceeded onward to fullfledged Statehood, its own particular Council of Ministers, a great new Assembly complex, its nationals among the most educated in the nation with a for each capita wage the most noteworthy in the area. At the center of this success, is the Tourism business. At the Goa Tourism Development Corporation (GTDC), we take a modest bow in affirmation, in some little measure, of putting Goa on the visitor guide of our country.
But we also acknowledge that Goa does not require a massive sales drive.
Goa is a multifaceted jewel in the crown of India.
It is a frame of mind and body, spirit and soul.
Goa is an unfading memory.
It is joy and nirvana.
Goa is India's smallest State-with the largest heart.
Goa is Forever.
The state of Goa covers an area of 3,702 sq. km.
Panaii is the capital of Goa.
A brief summary of the 2011 census: Goa's population is 1458545 with 739140 Males and 719405 Females. The growth of 14.8 per cent, during 1991 to 2000, is lower than the 16.08 per cent recorded during 1981 to 1990.
The sex-ratio (number of females per thousand males) in Goa is 973 in 2011 compared to 967 in 1991.
The density of population per sq km in Goa is 364 in 2001 as compared to 316 in 1991. North Goa has a much higher density (437) as compared to South Goa (300). The national figure is 324.
The literacy rate is 80 per cent. 83.3 per cent of the male and 76.4 per cent of the female population is literate.
64.68 per cent of the population is Hindu, 29.86 per cent is Christian and Muslims are a minority of 5.25 per cent.
Around 0.15 to 0.2 million of the total population of 13,43,998 are immigrants from around India who have settled down in Goa.
At present, Marathi and Konkani are two major languages of Goa. Hindi, the national language of India, is well understood in Goa. In major towns, English is widely used in writing and conversation.
On the other hand, Portuguese, the language of the colonial rulers and the official language till 1961 before liberation, notwithstanding the official patronage and a compulsory medium of study, failed to make a dent in the mind of the majority of Goans.
It remained only the language of the elite but alienated the masses. Thus just after the departure of the Portuguese, Portuguese lost all its favour and usage. However, very few - particularly the older or pre-liberation generation - still use Portuguese.Thus Goa is a multi-lingual state, thanks to its diverse history of thousands of years, which has seen people of various regions, ethnic races and religions from India and abroad coming over to and settling in Goa, while influencing the local language.
The major rivers flowing through the state are Mandovi, Zuari, Terekhol, Chapora and Betul. The other major rivers include the Tiracol, Chapora, Sal and the Talpona.
The state has a total forest cover of more than 1,424 sq. km covering almost one-third of the total area. Forests provide important products namely bamboo, Maratha barks, chillar barks and bhirand. These are of great economic value for rural mass. Coconut trees are present in almost the whole of Goa except in the upper regions. Goa’s vegetation also includes cashew, mango, jackfruits and pineapples.
Goa is rich in mineral resources. Major minerals include iron ore, manganese, ferro-manganese, bauxite and silica sand. Iron and manganese mining industries are the backbone of Goa’s economy.