The pure bond of love between a brother and a sister is one of the genuine and noblest of human emotions. Raksha Bandhan or Rakhi or Rakhadumni as called in Himachal Pradesh is a special occasion to celebrate this emotional bonding by tying a holy thread around the wrist of the brothers. This thread, which symbolizes sisterly love and inspirational sentiments, is rightly called the Rakhi. It means a bond of protection, and Rakhidumni (Rakhi) signifies that the strong must protect the weak from all the evil of the world.
Time of celebrating Rakhidumni (Rakhi)
On the full moon day in the monsoon month of Bhadrapad, Rakhidumni (Rakhi) festival is celebrated in Himachal Pradesh.
Description of Rakhidumni (Rakhi)
The sisters tie the sacred thread on their brothers wrist to protect them from all evils. The married sisters visit their fathers house on this day and tie the sacred rakhi around their brothers wrists. The sacred thread of rakhi symbolizes the bond of love. They are received with love and presented with gifts of money and clothes. The family priests also go to the houses of their patrons (yajman) and tie rakhi on their wrists, thus blessing them. Women who do not have a brother tie rakhi unto other fellow villagers and thus make a new brother. The rakhi threads remain on the wrist for a whole month and when the Sairi festival comes at the end of the month they are removed and offered to Mother Sairi. Thus the festival of Rakhidumni (Rakhi) is a holy festival in Himachal Pradesh.
Rakhidumni (Rakhi) is celebrated on the full moon day of the Hindu month of Shravan, on which sisters tie the blessed Rakhi string on their brothers; right wrists, pray for their long life. Rakhis are preferably made of silk with gold and silver threads, wonderfully crafted embroidered sequins, and studded with semi precious stones.
This ritual not only strengthens the bond of love between brothers and sisters, but also transcends the boundaries of the family. When a Rakhi is tied on the wrists of close friends and neighbors, it underscores the need for a pleasant social life, where every individual live peacefully as brothers and sisters.
In Northern India,and some parts of Himachal Pradesh Rakhi Purnima is also called Kajri Purnima or Kajri Navami, when wheat or barley is sown, and goddess Bhagwati is worshipped. Raksha Bandhan is known by various names like Vish Tarak - the destroyer of venom, Punya Pradayak - the bestower of boons, and Pap Nashak - the destroyer of sins.
The festival of Rakhidumni (Rakhi) in Himachal Pradesh marks for the coming of different relatives and family members of a family and share a good time with each other.